Symptoms and Causes of Common Retinal Conditions

The eye is the second most complex organ in the body. For one thing, it contains more than two million working parts!

Like the rest of our body, however, it can be affected by disease. Some common eye disorders include refractive errors, glaucoma, and cataracts.

Retinal conditions can develop as well. They affect the retina, a thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye that’s responsible for converting light into neural signals.

Interested in learning more about these disorders? Want to know what some of the most common ones are? If so, we’ve got you covered. Keep reading to learn more!

  1. Retinal Tear 

As you age, the vitreous gel separates from the back of the eye. In some cases, this can cause the retinal tissue to tear.

While it’s usually painless, it can cause other symptoms such as flashes of light or hazy vision. Not only that, but it can also lead to a sudden onset of floaters.

  1. Retinal Detachment 

Retinal detachment is an emergency situation in which the retina peels away from the back of the eye. Symptoms include flashing lights, floaters, and shadows in peripheral vision.

The good news is that it can be treated with surgery or laser treatments.

  1. Age-Related Macular Degeneration 

Macular degeneration is a common condition in which the macula—the center portion of the retina—deteriorates. While it can occur in anyone, it’s usually seen in those above the age of 60.

Symptoms-wise, it can cause sight problems such as dim or fuzzy central vision. There may also be visual distortions (e.g. straight lines may appear bent).

Fortunately, intravitreal injection treats many serious retinal conditions—including macular degeneration.

  1. Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes. It occurs when there’s excess sugar in the blood vessels, which damages the retina.

As the condition progresses, an individual may experience blurred vision, impaired color vision, floaters, or vision loss. Left untreated, it can lead to glaucoma or blindness.

  1. Epiretinal Membrane

Epiretinal membrane is a condition in which a thin layer of scar tissues forms over the macula. While it doesn’t cause total blindness, it can affect central vision.

For example, a central part of the vision may become distorted or blurred. Peripheral vision, however, will remain unaffected.

  1. Retinal Vein Occlusion 

Retinal vein occlusion is a blockage of the small veins. It carry blood away from the retina. It’s more likely to affect those with high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, or diabetes.

Symptoms include blurred vision, eye pain, floaters, and empty blank spaces in the vision.

Familiarizing Yourself With Different Retinal Conditions

Retinal conditions can affect your vision in various ways. In some cases, they can even lead to blindness. That’s why it’s so important to seek treatment right away.

Looking for more articles like this? Then check out the rest of our health category!

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